Key Largo Motels; Key Largo Campgrounds; Family Hotels Key … John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park. (305) 451-6300. While the mangrove swamps and tropical hammocks in the highland areas of the park offer visitors a unique experience, it is the coral reefs and associated … Explore the park's 50 miles of natural mangrove wilderness trails in Pennekamp waters. The itinerary includes a number of shallow reefs teeming with wildlife. John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park encompasses approximately 70 nautical square miles. Users may enable location tracking to … 102601 Overseas Highway (MM 102.5) Key Largo, FL 33037 / P.O. Well, for starters, the Florida Keys Reef Tract is the only living coral barrier reef in North America, and is the 3rd largest coral barrier reef in the world (after the Great Barrier Reef in Australia and the Meso-American Reef in Belieze). Our 2 and a half-hour (round trip) snorkeling tours are strictly non-scuba for the comfort of our passengers. Visitors can enjoy walking on short trails, picnicking, or swimming at the beach. Thank Irish_White_Sox_Gal . The reef system can also be categorized by "relief," the height that the coral ridges reach above the sand, and once again the Florida Key Reef Tract astounds with its variety. A cross-section of a coral head clearly shows the successive layers formed by each polyp’s growth and expansion outwards. If you are a good swimmer, you can snorkel at John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park! 26 1. The reefs of the Florida Keys usually span several of these categories. John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park. Reviewed 26 August 2019 . John Pennekamp is a great destination for a 1 day snorkeling excursion and kayak … Some open ocean reefs are circular and enclose a shallow lagoon; these are known as ATOLL REEFS, and are often associated with extinct volcanic cones that have subsided below the ocean’s surface. The polyps of hard corals get most of their nutrition from the sun! 42 site(s) found. Ask Irish_White_Sox_Gal about John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park. Corals also tend to be very temperature sensitive, and when the water temperature drops below 68 F or rises above 86 F, the coral-zooxanthellae relationship breaks down (a process called CORAL BLEACHING, because the coral colony turns white) and the coral colony will usually starve and die. John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park is a Florida State Park located on Key Largo in Florida. Site # Looking for. We offer sit-on-top kayaks and canoe rentals. Many coral reefs can easily be classified into one of various types. The glass-bottom trips depart from the park's docks three times per day, 365 days a year, weather permitting. Campsite List. Reserve John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park in Key Largo, Florida. Key Largo’s John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park is one of a kind, offering an amazing glimpse into the underwater world. This protection has boosted levels of large gamefish on the reefs and greatly stabilized the overall health of the reef tract while still allowing for eco-tourism activities. This protected zone is accessible by way of Key Largo, though the real action is out in the Atlantic! View campsite map, availability, and reserve online with ReserveAmerica. Although this tends to drive coral researchers to distraction, snorkelers and divers greatly benefit; the Keys provide some of the most unique snorkeling and diving opportunities in the world! Please do your part to protect the reefs when you visit the state park! As the coral colony grows and new polyps form through the division of old polyps, each individual coral polyp will lift itself up off the floor of its old cup and will secrete a new calcium carbonate floor underneath it, causing the entire coral head to expand up and outwards. Bus, taxi • 1h 39m. Key Largo’s translucent waters make for ideal diving territory, complete with an underwater sculpture park that’s home to a 2.5-metre-high sculpture known as ‘Christ of the Abyss’. Many of the most sensitive, healthiest reefs are now protected as Sanctuary Preservation Areas, a designation that was put in place July 1st, 1997, to provide additional protection for those areas by making it illegal to fish, lobster, stand, anchor on the reef, or even touch anything within the SPA boundaries. Key Largo Map; Key Largo Guide; All Key Largo Hotels; Key Largo Hotel Deals; Last Minute Hotels in Key Largo; By Hotel Type. BARRIER REEFS are those that are found some distance offshore following a shoreline and that come nearly to the surface of the water; these reefs are so named because they tend to form a barrier between the open ocean and the land, and usually cause waves to break on the outside of the reef, leaving a more sheltered area (usually called a LAGOON) behind them. FRINGING REEFS also parallel the shoreline, but closely, often without any lagoon area behind them; in some areas, fringing reefs may grow right up the slope of an island to the low tide mark. Access to the park is from U.S. Highway 1 at mile marker 102.5. Look for the State Park entrance on your left at Mile Marker 102.5. From Miami, take Florida's Turnpike south to US 1. Since the hard corals have a skeleton that is literally rock, it is their growth that really forms the structure of the reef. Length of stay: Search Available. Most hard corals in the Keys grow at a rate of 1/4 - 1/2 inch a year, and it ends up taking about 50 years for a brain coral to grow to the size of a basketball. John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park, Key Largo: Hours, Address, John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park Reviews: 4.5/5 Corals are found in a variety of forms, from the hard branches of Elkhorn Coral to the soft leaf-like structures of Sea Fans. John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park is unique for its location under the sea, the first subaquatic park in the United States. John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park: Enjoyable day at John Pennekamp - See 6,729 traveler reviews, 2,492 candid photos, and great deals for Key Largo, FL, at Tripadvisor. Coral’s sedentary lifestyle also requires very high water quality, with a constant flow of new nutrients and dissolved oxygen over the reef. Look for the State Park entrance on your left at Mile Marker 102.5. Corals can generally be divided into SOFT CORALS (Subclass Octocorallia), which have a soft, flexible skeleton of protein (similar to what makes up human fingernails or hair); and HARD CORALS (Subclass Zoantharia, Order Scleractinia), which form a hard exoskeleton of secreted calcium carbonate (limestone). John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park at Key Largo is the first undersea park in the U.S., covering about 70 nautical square miles. True fringing reefs are rare in the Keys, and are found almost exclusively in the Dry Tortugas, which means that you must take a boat ride if you wish to see the reef. Map was created in the Bureau of Natural and Cultural Resources in the Division of Recreation and Parks. Take US 1 to Key Largo. CORAL REEFS are special because of the community of organisms that build the reef, the HARD and SOFT CORALS. The polyps use these zooxanthellae to make most of their food through photosynthesis (each algal cell makes much more food than it needs, and releases the excess food to the coral polyp through oil droplets, a process called "blebbing"); and the rest of their diet comes from active feeding on a mixture of microorganisms suspended in the water colony (phytoplankton and zooplankton). At 65 feet in length, this high-speed catamaran is capable of transporting up to 130 passengers to the various nautical destinations of the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary. Find facilities nearby. Call (305) 451-6300 for more information. Mobile Web Design by Wodu. Each coral polyp lives on the outside of the coral head, in a cup or groove in the limestone skeleton. Personal or Group in-water guide available upon request for $45 plus tax. Enjoy free WiFi, free parking and a fitness centre. Restaurants near John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park, Key Largo on Tripadvisor: Find traveller reviews and candid photos of dining near John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park in Key Largo, Florida. We work hard to run an environmentally-friendly gift shop here at the park. The only reef type not found in the Keys is the atoll! Several of the inshore reefs have sections that stick out of the water at low tide (these frequently have names ending in "Rocks"). Full-facility and Youth/Group campsites are available. ALL (42) RV or Tent (39) RV/Trailer Only Site (3) Zoom to: Full Campground | All Matching Campsites Available online Unavailable online . John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park: Peaceful Place - See 6,730 traveler reviews, 2,492 candid photos, and great deals for Key Largo, FL, at Tripadvisor. Canoeing and kayaking through the park's waters are popular activities; fishing is permitted in designated areas. It was the first underwater park in the United States. Minimum passenger requirements apply on all tours. Box 1560 Key Largo, FL 33037 (305) 451-6300. From Miami, take Florida's Turnpike south to US 1. Select an option below to see step-by-step directions and to compare ticket prices and travel times in Rome2rio's travel planner. Getting Here. Discover (and save!) Several inshore reefs are very low-relief and shallow, with the coral growing as a carpet along the bottom and the fish hovering over the top, fantastic for novice snorkelers; other offshore reefs are high-relief, and divers will find themselves cruising down coral canyons surrounded by schools of multicolored wrasses and parrotfish. Great Snorkel Excursion. ALGAE REEFS are found in many areas in the South Pacific, where the primary structure is calcareous algae; ROCK REEFS are common in the Northeastern U.S., where accumulations of granite or other rocky outcroppings have gathered a variety of biofouling organisms and fish to form an active hardbottom community; in many areas, people have even sunk concrete structures, old ships, or railroad cars to form ARTIFICIAL REEFS, which are rapidly colonized by various types of fish and fouling organisms (ex., sponges, tube worms, and hard and soft corals). Enter Dates. John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park (Coral Reef State Park) is located in Monroe County on Key Largo (see Vicinity Map) about 20 miles south of Homestead. Limited wheelchair accessibility is also available on the glassbottom boat Spirit of Pennekamp. Branching corals (such as the hard coral Acropora cervicornis, Staghorn Coral) grow somewhat faster, up to 1 1/2 inches a year, but at the price of being much more brittle and prone to damage from storms, ship groundings, or careless divers. The park is approximately 25 miles in length and extends 3 miles into the Atlantic Ocean. While you are in the Keys, remember to shop in an eco-conscious manner as well; in particular, don’t purchase pieces of coral! Unfortunately, these very specific conditions only occur in a few places on earth, which is the reason that coral reefs only make up 0.5% of the world’s oceans! Back Map. This coral does not come from our reefs, but it does come from reefs that are in trouble in other parts of the world. Read reviews, amenities, activities, and view photos and maps. Your efforts to protect this fragile marine environment are greatly appreciated! 102601 Overseas Highway (MM 102.5) The park spans 3 miles wide and 25 miles long, and with 178 nautical square miles of underwater cities, you are sure to be wowed. Apply Filter. Map & Location. Hotels near John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park, Key Largo on Tripadvisor: Find 26,169 traveller reviews, 17,264 candid photos, and prices for 30 hotels near John Pennekamp Coral Reef … Beach wheelchairs are available without cost. Enjoy a unique glimpse into the serene undersea world in style and comfort. As a result, the reefs that we visit are now under heavier protection (with heavier enforcement of violations! The reef runs roughly 221 miles down the south-eastern coast of Florida, paralleling the Florida Keys from Key Biscayne off Miami down to the Dry Tortugas, 70 miles west of Key West, from 1 mile to 8 miles offshore. Free 24 hour WI-FI at Concession Building and Dive Shop Building. Most people come to see the coral reefs and for diving (to visit, take a snorkeling or diving tour, or ride the glass-bottomed boat). Narrow Results. The first undersea park in the United States, Come join us for a private 3.5-hour tour with 2 locations of fun and exciting adventures on the reefs of Key Largo in John Pennekamp State Park and see a wide variety of marine life and coral in turquoise waters which will include Parrott Fish, Barracudas, Angle Fish, Bermuda Chubs, Southern Stingrays, Yellow Striped Snappers, Sergeant Majors and much more!. What makes the coral reefs of the Florida Keys so special? Unfortunately, many visitors to the Keys come down with no real understanding of what a coral reef is! Experiences. John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park is a Florida State Park located on Key Largo in Florida. Renowned for being the country’s first undersea park, John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park encompasses an impressive 70 nautical square miles. It includes approximately 70 nautical square miles (240 km²) of adjacent Atlantic Ocean waters. Because of this feeding strategy, hard corals must have clear, shallow water to grow, so that they can get enough sunlight to remain healthy. Many enjoy the view of the reef from a glass-bottom boat tour, but visitors can get a closer look by scuba diving or snorkeling. Save on popular hotels near John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park, United States of America: Browse Expedia's selection of 1155 hotels and places to stay closest to John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park. This is the reason behind the Sanctuary Preservation Areas, better known as "No Touch, No Take" Zones. Corals are animals in the Phylum Cnidaria (the group of animals that includes jellyfish and sea anemeones), Class Anthozoa. Popular attractions John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park and Dolphins Plus Bayside are located nearby. John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park is a Florida State Park located on Key Largo in Florida, and includes approximately 70 nautical square miles (240 km²) of adjacent Atlantic Ocean waters. Get directions, find nearby businesses and places, and much more. (305) 451-6300. John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park has four different types of boat tours to ensure that all park visitors have the best opportunity possible to experience the park's coral reef system. Key Largo is the most northeasterly key in the chain of islands known as the Florida Keys. 102601 Overseas Highway (MM 102.5) Mobile Web Design by Wodu. Most of these little animals are only around the size of the head of a pin, and are rarely larger than a pencil eraser, but the coral colonies that they form can be the size of a small house! Discover genuine guest reviews for Waterfront Retreat on John Pennekamp State Park - 3 Br Home along with the latest prices and availability – book now. John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park Nautical Map: description: This web map application is for displaying navigation features at John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park. Find your spot. Recommended option. Key Largo, FL 33037 / P.O. group size is 6 snorkelers per guide. Take US 1 to Key Largo. Each coral head is really a colony of thousands of individual animals called CORAL POLYPS, which look something like upside-down jellyfish. This review is the subjective opinion of a TripAdvisor member and not of TripAdvisor LLC. From Miami, take Florida's Turnpike south to US 1. The Visitor Center has a 30,000-gallon saltwater aquarium and nature videos are shown in its theater. Max. Stay at this 3.5-star golf holiday home in Key Largo. Make a Reservation Download Park Map. We have rental gear available: prices are $3 a piece for mask or snorkel (you keep the snorkel) or $4 for fins. Discover campgrounds like John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park Campground Florida, find information like reviews, photos, number of RV and tent sites, open seasons, rates, facilities, and activities. As the polyps move outwards, they leave behind them a dead limestone skeleton, so the only living part on any coral head is the outer 2-3 millimeters. Look for the State Park entrance on your left at Mile Marker 102.5. Feb 25, 2016 - This Pin was discovered by Ayla LeFlore. Each additional snorkeler (guided) is $15 plus tax. © Coral Reef Park Company, Inc. All rights reserved. The first undersea park in the U.S., John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park encompasses approximately 70 nautical square miles. BANK REEFS are found offshore, but usually are at a greater distance (frequently open ocean) and are associated with a spot where the bottom raises up from greater surrounding depth; these reefs rarely come as close to the surface and have no protected lagoon. Do not stand up on reefs or touch anything while snorkeling or scuba diving (it is our policy to prohibit the use of dive gloves and weight belts on our snorkel boats to discourage this!). The first undersea park in the U.S., John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park encompasses approximately 70 nautical square miles. Many who are viewing corals for the first time are surprised at their classification as animals rather than plants, but a closer look clearly reveals actively-moving tentacles and a central mouth, under which lies the simplified digestive tract. REEF is a general term usually referring to a relatively shallow area of hard structure that tends to attract animals. All of tour boats have at least one vessel equipped to accommodate the boarding of wheelchairs for our guests with special needs. The depth ranges greatly as well. The real attraction is the massive 70 nautical square miles (240 square kilometers) area in the water. Respect the boundaries of the SPAs when fishing. Loop. Divers from around the world visit John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park to explore the spectacular living reefs of the Florida Keys and experience diving amidst the area's extraordinary wildlife. Although the state park waters extend out from shore to the 3-mile limit (this was the first underwater park of any kind in North America! Find cheap deals and discount rates that best fit your budget. PATCH REEFS are exactly what they sound like: small patchy areas of reef growth, ranging from a few coral heads up to several square miles of coral cover, that are found at various distances offshore and are separated by sand flats and seagrass beds. Our trips involve approximately 1½ hours of water time depending on the location. John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park was founded in 1963 as the first undersea park in the United States. ), and are already showing great benefits from this protection! Box 1560 Box 1560 However, the outer reef tract is much closer to shore than many barrier reefs, becoming almost a "fringing barrier reef"; the outer patch reefs are often closer to bank reefs, with the deep water surrounding them, whereas several of the inshore patch reefs are fantastic miniature models of a barrier reef, complete with the protected lagoon area behind them. Explore the park in both your sneakers and your swimsuit. Boat Tours. Book a Campsite at John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park, FL. The park was added to the National Register of Historic Places on April 14, 1972. © Coral Reef Park Company, Inc. All rights reserved. While the mangrove swamps and tropical hammocks in the park's upland areas offer visitors a unique experience, it is the coral reefs and their associated marine life that bring most visitors to the park. Keithdoesnttravel. There are 4 ways to get from John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park to Duck Key by bus, taxi or car. Map & Location. https://www.alltrails.com/parks/us/florida/john-pennekamp-coral-reef-state-park Since the soft, jellyfish-like outer layer is the only living part of any coral head, a diver or snorkeler can easily damage or kill a coral merely by touching it! The park has ample space on land for beach activities. Arrival date. Find John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park (N 25° 9' 21.6972", W 80° 22' 7.1364") on a map. Book now & save with no cancellation fee. Box 1560 (305) 451-6300 John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park: A fun morning - See 6,729 traveler reviews, 2,492 candid photos, and great deals for Key Largo, FL, at Tripadvisor. All of tour boats have at least one vessel equipped to accommodate the boarding of wheelchairs for our guests with special needs. your own Pins on Pinterest The coral reef at John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park are among the most beautiful and diverse of all living communities. John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park, the first underwater park in the USA, covers about 70 nautical miles. Take US 1 to Key Largo. Customers on the snorkel boats, the price is reduced to $2 a piece for mask or fins, or $3 snorkel (you keep), $7 for the set. Each hard coral polyp has within it many single-celled plants, algae called ZOOXANTHELLAE, which give the coral its color (coral tissue itself is completely colorless). Key Largo, FL 33037 / P.O. Map; Operators; Explore. The proximity of the reef (just a half-hour boat ride from land); the warm, clear water from the Gulf Stream just offshore; and the fantastic richness of life found here makes the reefs of the Florida Keys one of the most uniquely beautiful and accessible wild areas in the country. Offshore, the depth ranges from 15 down to 60 or 70 feet over the reef, and if that isn’t deep enough for you, there are several fantastic shipwrecks that have been put down as artificial reefs outside the reef tract; many of these are right at the limits of recreational scuba diving, and most are covered with soft and hard coral growth, multicolored sponges, and schools of large fish. Map will show users the Protected Zones, Channel Markers and Mooring Buoys. The living, shallow-water coral reefs of the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary are vibrant with color and activity. ), the majority of the reefs off Key Largo were ceded over to the Key Largo National Marine Sanctuary in 1975, which was then incorporated into the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary in 1990. Sunrise, Florida . Tours are 2 ½ hours long. It includes approximately … Find John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park camping, campsites, cabins, and other lodging options. John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park 102601 Overseas Highway (MM 102.5) P.O. While the mangrove swamps and tropical hammocks in the park's upland areas offer visitors a unique experience, it is the coral reefs and their associated marine life that bring most visitors to the park. 45 plus tax please do your part to protect this fragile Marine environment are greatly!. Company, Inc. all rights reserved world in style and comfort when you visit the State Park entrance on left. The location take Florida 's Turnpike south to US 1 240 square kilometers ) area the. Country ’ s John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park is from U.S. 1... Mile Marker 102.5 No Touch, No take '' Zones a variety of forms, from sun!, shallow-water Coral reefs of the Florida Keys so special and Mooring Buoys best fit budget! Is a general term usually referring to a relatively shallow area of hard corals get most of their nutrition the. 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