Again, no nominations occur, and each Local Spiritual Assembly member is directed to vote for those individuals who are resident in the region they feel are best suited to serve. The harmonious interactions between them ensure the constant provision of guidance, love, and encouragement to members of the Bahá’í community throughout the world. Centers of Learning. Some features set apart the Baháʼí administration from similar systems of human government: elected representatives should follow their conscience, rather than being responsible to the views of electors; political campaigning, nominations and parties are prohibited; and religious authority was passed down from its founder to the Universal House of Justice. The Local Assemblies govern Baháʼí community life at the local level, and administer the affairs of the entire community, including coordinating the Nineteen Day Feast, holy day observances, funeral services, marriage counselling and many other tasks, though these are generally done through committee appointment. National and Local Spiritual Assemblies are seen as requiring deference and obedience, but can be overruled by a superior elected institution. Administrative system of the Baháʼí Faith, Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, texts from within a religion or faith system, Statistics on National Spiritual Assemblies, "Baháʼí Reference Library – God Passes By, Pages 197–220", "Baháʼí Reference Library – The World Order of Baháʼu'lláh, Pages 143–157", "Baháʼí Reference Library – Tablets of Baháʼu'lláh Revealed After the Kitáb-i-Aqdas, Pages 83–97", "Baháʼí Reference Library – Tablets of Baháʼu'lláh Revealed After the Kitáb-i-Aqdas, Pages 21–29", "Baháʼí Reference Library – Peace, Page 33", "Baháʼí Reference Library – The World Order of Baháʼu'lláh, Pages 64–67", Baha'i Administration: Selected Messages 1922–1932, Changing Reality: The Bahá'í Community and the Creation of a New Reality, "FOR BAHA'I FAITH, ELECTIONS ARE SPIRITUAL CAMPAIGNING FORBIDDEN IN VOTING FOR ADMINISTRATIVE BODY", "Association for Baha'i Studies » Archive » Baha'i Internet Agency Whitepapers", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Baháʼí_administration&oldid=1000926243, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles lacking reliable references from January 2021, Articles needing more viewpoints from January 2021, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2021, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The traditional functions of community leadership and moral leadership are not vested in individuals, but in an institutional framework with two main branches. [1] It is split into two parts, the elected and the appointed. Centers of Learning. This collection of pages explores the topic of the Bahá’í Administrative Order. The highest elected body is the Universal House of Justice, which possesses the authority to supplement and apply the laws of Baháʼu'lláh. The National House of Justice is elected by delegates at a national convention. Learn More . As a result: Shoghi Effendi saw these (and other) aspects as essential to preserving the full rights and prerogatives of the electors, guarding them against manipulation. The Universal House of Justice is the supreme governing body of the Baháʼí Faith. Baháʼí marriages became recognized in their own right in several regions and the Baháʼí Faith was recognized as an independent religion by many nations and religious courts, including Islamic religious courts in Egypt. •Become involved locally with one of the humanitarian organizations that the Local Spiritual Assembly is assisting. When duly constituted, however, and specifically when deciding matters as a body, these councils act as the heads of the community. The Administrative Order, which ever since ‘Abdu’l‑Bahá’s ascension has evolved and is taking shape under our very eyes in no fewer than forty countries of the world, may be considered as the framework of the Will itself, the inviolable stronghold wherein this new-born child is being nurtured and developed. The members thereof must take counsel together in such wise that no occasion for ill-feeling or discord may arise. The Baháʼís were encouraged not to see these "core activities" as simply Baháʼí activities. from the chronology of Canada from the main catalogue. Baháʼí elections do not include any sort of constituency for members – all members are considered to be at-large. clarified the institution of the Hands of the Cause, and clarified the requirements for their appointment. "[3], Baháʼu'lláh commended the British system of government that enhanced kingship through consultation with the people,[4] but did not specifically endorse parliamentary democracy. Letter regarding democracy, "Baha'i democratization," theocracy, authority, and the Bahá’í Administrative Order. Baha'i Publications Bookstore. National Spiritual Assemblies may ask Local Spiritual Assemblies to excuse those who are members of both bodies from executive positions, to free their time to do the work of that National Spiritual Assemblies. Normative Foundations of National Baha'i Elections.". • Hold a Nineteen Day Feast entirely planned and executed by the learners. Quotations – An introductory selection of extracts from the Bahá’í writings on the theme of Bahá’í administration. An institution of appointed individuals of proven capacity—the institution of the Counsellors—also functions under the guidance of the Universal House of Justice and exerts influence on the life of the Bahá’í community, from the grassroots to the international level. In the event of a tying vote for the last places, if one of these individuals is a member of a minority, this individual is automatically awarded the position. Baháʼís consider their electoral process to be a sacred act, essential to the health of the community. The Administrative Order of the Cause, though first established in America, copied as a model by other national Bahá’í communities, is not an American production, but is a universal system based on the teachings of Bahá’u’lláh. (God Passes By) These two institutions are described in ʻAbdu'l-Bahá's Will and Testament as having divine authority: The same Will appoints Shoghi Effendi as the Guardian, and gives further details about the structure of the administration, including election and appointment processes. These assemblies are elected annually through locally elected delegates. One of his greatest legacies to the development of the Baháʼí administrative system, however, was his will and testament, wherein he describes several new institutions. The Baháʼí writings affirm that its decisions are "the source of all good and freed from all error". The origins of this system—known as the Bahá’í Administrative Order—are found in the Writings of Bahá’u’lláh Himself. The formation of this International Executive, which corresponds to the executive head or board in present-day national governments, is but a step leading to the Baháʼí world government of the future, and hence should not be identified with either the institution of the Guardianship or that of the International House of Justice. Those elected are expected to serve, though, in cases of extreme personal difficulty, such a member may request that the body to which they are elected excuse him or her. This difference is highlighted in a letter written on behalf of Shoghi Effendi concerning the future world government foretold by Baháʼu'lláh and outlined by Shoghi Effendi, stating "As regards the International Executive referred to by the Guardian in his "Goal of a New World Order", this statement refers by no means to the Baháʼí Commonwealth of the future, but simply to that world government which will herald the advent and lead to the final establishment of the World Order of Baháʼu'lláh. At the local (city, town, county) level of administration, the nine-member Local Spiritual Assembly is elected by adult Baháʼís in that particular locality once a year during their Annual General Meeting on the First Day of the Ridvan Festival (the 13th day of the month of Glory, about 20 or 21 April). A special gathering such as a Model Feast or a Unity Feast may be planned to include family and friends of all students. [citation needed]. Clarifying Baháʼu'lláh's comments about his descendants and authority, he described the Institution of the Guardianship, which he saw as functioning in concert with the Universal House of Justice – one bearing responsibility for interpretation of scripture, the other as legislator of new law not covered by existing scripture. Bahá'í Faith. Having no ordained, professional priesthood, Baháʼís operate through a type of non-partisan democratic self-government. Auxiliary Boards are appointed by the Continental Counsellors to assist them on a smaller geographic scale. “It is the structure of His New World Order, now stirring in the womb of the administrative institutions He Himself has created, that will serve both as a pattern and a nucleus of that world commonwealth which is the sure, the inevitable destiny of the peoples and nations of the earth.”. The Bahá’í administrative order has been described by the Guardian "not only as the nucleus but the very pattern of the New World Order." The origins of this system—known as the Bahá’í Administrative Order—are found in the Writings of Bahá’u’lláh Himself. Baha’is have no clergy, which means that all decisions rest in the hands of democratically-elected bodies as the local, regional, national and international levels. If a locality only has nine Baháʼís, then no election process is necessary. The International Counsellors are nine individuals appointed to the International Teaching Centre, which is a body that directly assists the Universal House of Justice at the Baháʼí World Centre. The earliest days of the 21st century saw the Baháʼís begin to pare down their administrative structures, appoint fewer committees, and focus on very specific goals outlined by the Universal House of Justice – namely the creation of small grass-roots study groups, the creation of more neighbourhood-centric children's classes, and the increase in the spiritual character of the community through small devotional gatherings. Menace of Social Chaos; Paramount Duty of Every Bahá’í; Letter of November 27, 1924. At all levels, only residents within the jurisdiction of the body being elected are eligible for membership. Baháʼu'lláh makes reference to "the learned" among his people. There are typically two boards in a single geographical region, one responsible for protection, and one for propagation of the community, though these functions often overlap. https://bahaiteachings.org › bahai-administrative-order-explained The Baháʼí administration has four charter documents, 50 It is the designated instrument for the realization of the Bahá’í teachings. Creating a constitution for itself that incorporated obedience to the body of Shoghi Effendi's writings, and to those of ʻAbdu'l-Bahá and Baháʼu'lláh, the Universal House of Justice assumed full authority over the affairs of the Baháʼí community. Acting in their respective roles, the institutions of the Counsellors and the Spiritual Assemblies share responsibility for the protection and propagation of the Bahá’í Faith. In the typical case, there are nine members on an Assembly or House of Justice, and therefore voters vote for nine individuals. Those who are unable to attend send postal ballots. Baháʼí World News Service (2005/05/18). These members act as delegates in a manner similar to National Baháʼí elections. Bahá'í community. This can be attained when every member expresseth with absolute freedom his own opinion and setteth forth his argument. They will sometimes have a very localized mandate, such as to focus on youth in a particular city, or they can be appointed broadly. The origins of this system—known as the Bahá’í Administrative Order—are found in the Writings of Bahá’u’lláh Himself. ʻAbdu'l-Bahá unveiled the "Secondary", or National House of Justice in his will. The functions of this branch were originally carried out by the Hands of the Cause of God appointed by Baháʼu'lláh, ʻAbdu'l-Bahá, and Shoghi Effendi. The book briefly discusses how assemblies are established, their station in the Baha'i community, qualifications for membership, … The shining spark of truth cometh forth only after the clash of differing opinions. Over this period, Baháʼí institutions and inter-institutional collaboration became clearer, many finer points of Baháʼí law were explained, and the faith was spread to most of the globe. The World Order of Baháʼu'lláh is a collection of letters and messages from Shoghi Effendi, head of the Baháʼí Faith during the period, first published in 1938.. This governance system is called the "administrative order." • Host a community event in celebration of the administrative order. Under its guidance, elected bodies, known as Local Spiritual Assemblies and National Spiritual Assemblies tend to the affairs of the Bahá’í community at their respective levels, exercising legislative, executive, and judicial authority. The Baháʼí administration or Baháʼí administrative order is the administrative system of the Baháʼí Faith. The Baha’is of the United States operate three year-round conference and retreat centers that offer a wide range of programming for adults, youth and children. https://www.bahai.org › beliefs › essential-relationships › administrative-order [11] Baháʼu'lláh envisioned a Supreme House of Justice, with local Houses of Justice in every community where nine or more adult Baháʼís reside. It is viewed as both a system for conducting the affairs of the Bahá'í Faith itself and as a promising model that can be easily adopted by other institutions of administration and governance. The Baha’i Faith is a global faith community, established in virtually every country in the world. Based in the United States, this agency was created by the Universal House of Justice to assist the Counsellors and National Spiritual Assemblies in addressing issues related to the propagation and protection of the Bahá'í Faith on the Internet. If after discussion, a decision be carried unanimously, well and good; but if the Lord forbid, differences of opinion should arise, a majority of voices must prevail."[8][9]. While most of the above have been in place for decades or more, in recent years with the institution of the Baháʼí institute process a number of other possible positions have been named: Regional Institute Boards, Area Teaching Committees, Cluster Growth Facilitators, Cluster Institute Coordinators, Cluster Junior Youth Spiritual Empowerment Programme Coordinators, and Cluster Children's Class Coordinator being examples. From the outset of his ministry, Shoghi Effendi dedicated energy to the development of the Administrative Order, bringing it into being in embryonic form and paving the way for the election of the Universal House of Justice. Bahá’í institutions are not conceived only as a means of administering the internal aspects of Bahá’í community life, essential though this is. A Local Spiritual Assembly (LSA) represents a town, city, or county, and are elected annually by direct election. The origins of this system—known as the Bahá’í Administrative Order—are found in the Writings of Bahá’u’lláh Himself. Menace of Social Chaos; Paramount Duty of Every Bahá’í; Letter of November 27, 1924. To these he commanded the obedience of the Baháʼís. The Source from which it derives its inspiration is no one less than Bahá’u’lláh Himself.” –Shoghi Effendi. GOAL: TO UNDERSTAND THE SIGNIFICANCE AND DISTINCTION OF THE BAHÁ’Í INSTITUTIONS TOPIC: THE ADMINISTRATIVE ORDER OF BAHÁ’U’LLÁH 6 World Order of Bahá’u’lláh—Level Two Sample Activities ACTIVITY 1: GUARDIANS FOR ALL THAT DWELL ON EARTH SUGGESTED TIME FOR ACTIVITY: 30 MIN. His objective in effectively designing the Baháʼí Administrative Order was to embody, reconcile and assimilate within it "such wholesome elements as are to be found in each one of them..." while excluding the "admitted evils inherent in each of these systems..." such that it "cannot ever degenerate into any form of despotism, of oligarchy, or of demagogy which must sooner or later corrupt the machinery of all man-made and essentially defective political institutions. The Administrative Order of the Cause, though first established in America, copied as a model by other national Bahá’í communities, is not an American production, but is a universal system based on the teachings of Bahá’u’lláh. This plan opened up whole new geographic regions to the Baháʼís, ʻAbdu'l-Bahá encouraging Baháʼís to connect with the peoples of all races and cultures. Notes: Mirrored from bahai.org, where it is also available in PDF and Word formats. Baha'i Administrative Order. Firstly, as a Bahá’í who has given many decades of outstanding service in your community, you understand that the Bahá’í Administrative Order is an integral part of the Revelation of Bahá’u’lláh; it is a divinely conceived system which, as the Guardian explained in The Dispensation of Bahá’u’lláh, “incorporates within its structure certain elements which are to be found in each of the three … He revealed principles that guide its operation, established its institutions, appointed ‘Abdu’l-Bahá as the sole interpreter of His Word, and conferred … Shoghi Effendi described the death of ʻAbdu'l-Bahá and the start of his own administration as the end of the "Heroic age" and the start of the "Formative" age of the Baháʼí Faith. These assistants often meet with Local Spiritual Assemblies, speak at events, and are sought for advice by individual community members. Bahá'í Community & Administrative System. Further Reading The affairs of the Bahá’í community are administered without clergy, through institutions, established by Bahá’u’lláh to foster universal participation and … Just as the Administrative Order cannot rightly function without the believers trusting in its self-correcting nature, so history has shown that scholarship cannot flourish unless it is pursued in an atmosphere of freedom from intimidation and interference. . [10] The highest appointed authority is the Institution of the Guardianship, which is a hereditary authority and has the exclusive "right of the interpretation of the Holy Writ solely conferred upon him." The Tablets of the Divine Plan stand out, however, and formed a great part of the early goal setting and planning processes of the nascent spiritual community. The Bahá’í administration or Bahá’í administrative order refers to the administrative system of the Bahá’í Faith. Baháʼís may, depending on circumstances, serve on multiple institutions. Within it, the Bahá’í International Community states, encouragement of diversity of opinion has important implications in the realms of both belief and action. The Baha’i Faith is a global faith community, established in virtually every country in the world. Through a series of plans, the Universal House of Justice refocused the Baháʼí community on community development, and systematization of best-practices, hoping to reduce the "boom and bust" cycles of community growth encountered in the previous century. The 27 living Hands of the Cause, appointed for life by Shoghi Effendi and referred to by him as "the Chief Stewards of Baháʼu'lláh's embryonic World Commonwealth"[2] signed a unanimous proclamation on 25 November 1957, shortly after the death of Shoghi Effendi, stating that he had died "without having appointed his successor", and leaving further decisions about the Guardianship to the Universal House of Justice which had yet to be elected. Sometimes several countries are grouped together into a single Assembly, for instance the Baltic States, or (originally) Canada and the United States. established criteria for the appointment of future Guardians. A Vision of Peace Stories from the Democratic Republic of the Congo. For the Betterment of the World, to the Glory of God The Emergence of Bahá’í Houses of Worship. Baha’i Administrative Order. "[6] In keeping with the Baháʼí principle of obedience to government, Baháʼí Administration is seen as subordinate to civil government. The essentiality of the Administrative Order is upheld by Bahá’í law as borne out in the Kitáb-i-Aqdas, in which Bahá’u’lláh calls attention to "this wondrous System—the like of which mortal eyes have never witnessed. of the administrative order. Home. The Baháʼí administration has two distinct elements: the elected and appointed. He revealed principles that guide its operation, established its institutions, appointed ‘Abdu’l-Bahá as the sole interpreter of His Word, … The selection of the National Spiritual Assembly is indirect using an electoral-unit delegation method. •Make the mobile in “Bahá’u’lláh’s Gift to the World” (Brilliant Star MJ 91, pp. Bahá'í Faith. This Administrative Order is fundamentally different from anything that any Prophet has previously established, inasmuch as Bahá’u’lláh has Himself revealed its principles, established its institutions, appointed the person to interpret His Word and conferred the necessary authority on the … Character of Bahá’í Administration []. Who the electors are and who the eligible members are depends on the scope of the election. The New World Order; The Foundation of the House of Justice; Duties of Elected Representatives; Election of Delegates; Letter of September 24, 1924. Though Baháʼu'lláh intimated, earlier, many of the policies that would form the basis of the Baháʼí administrative system, his Kitáb-i-Aqdas provides the most solid initial glimpse of this system: This House of Justice is described as being in concert with Baha'u'llah and the Aghsán, his descendants, but with the responsibility for creating and abrogating laws not explicitly revealed in the sacred scripture. It is also intended, more importantly, to channel the spirit of the Faith, operationalize the kind of relationships … Bahá’í Administrative Order. The learned have a similar geographic hierarchy. Nominations and campaigning are prohibited. However, beyond this there are several practical limitations. As the Administrative Order, which is the Harbinger of the World Order of Bahá'u'lláh, has been described by Shoghi Effendi as the "Child of the Covenant" (God Passes By 243), it is important that in any discussion of the various aspects of the World Order, and as an introduction to such a theme a study of the Bahá'í Covenant be made, however cursory this might be. Structure for Local communities ' coordination on these the scriptural laws defined by baha'i administrative order and ʻAbdu l-Bahá. Vested in individuals, but in an informational capacity, communicating the and! And clarified the differing roles of Supreme/Universal ( global ) vs. the Local community any of... Themselves as candidates every Bahá ’ u baha'i administrative order lláh Himself Nineteen Day Feast planned... For membership have served on Local Spiritual Assemblies Baha ’ i Faith is the Universal House of Justice in will. Lláh Himself. ” –Shoghi Effendi on an Assembly or House of Justice situated... 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