Tsukuyomi-no-Mikoto (ツクヨミノミコト, 月読命), or simply Tsukuyomi (ツクヨミ, 月読) or Tsukiyomi (ツキヨミ), is the moon god in Japanese mythology and the Shinto religion. Privacy Policy, https://www.sacred-texts.com/shi/kj/index.htm, https://mythopedia.com/japanese-mythology/gods/tsukuyomi/. According to some interpretations, Tsukuyomi may be the forefather of the Japanese Imperial Family; however, this is not a commonly held belief. Explore. Japanese mythology is a complex system of beliefs that also embraces Shinto and Buddhist traditions as well as agriculture-based folk religion. Japanese folklore have their origins in two major religions of Japan, Buddhism and Shinto. Tsukuyomi angered Amaterasu when he killed Ukemochi, the goddess of food. Chamberlain, Basil Hall, trans. Shinto: The Kami Way. ), "Tsukuyomi" redirects here. However, some say it was Susanoo who killed Ukemochi. The name "Tsukuyomi" is a compound of the Old Japanese words tsuku (月, "moon, month", becoming modern Japanese tsuki) and yomi (読み, "reading, counting"). [6], The Betsugu Tsukiyomi-no-miya Sanctuary of Kotaijingu (Naiku) at Ise city, A shrine to Tsukuyomi-no-Mikoto at Matsunoo-taisha in Kyoto, The descent to earth of Mahoraba, grandson of the Shinto moon god Tsukuyomi-no-Mikoto (壱岐 一支国 月讀尊 まほらば大地降臨図? Tsukuyomi. © 2019 Wasai LLC – All Rights Reserved. For other uses, see, Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tsukuyomi-no-Mikoto&oldid=1000341300, Articles needing additional references from April 2012, All articles needing additional references, Articles having same image on Wikidata and Wikipedia, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Tsukuyomi (ツクヨミ, 月読), Tsukiyomi (ツキヨミ), 月読尊、月弓尊、月夜見尊、月讀尊, This page was last edited on 14 January 2021, at 18:39. Tsukuyomi is portrayed by Shieri Ohata (大幡 しえり, Ohata Shieri). Shinto and Buddhist traditions are the cornerstones of Japanese mythology. When word reached Amaterasu, she was horrified and labeled her husband an evil kami, unworthy of returning to the Heavens. Tsukuyomi was utterly disgusted by the fact that, although it looked exquisite, the meal was made in a disgusting manner, and so he killed her. Amaterasu once sent Tsukuyomi to represent her at a feast presented by Ukemochi. For all eternity, Tsukuyomi will continue to pursue Amaterasu across the night sky without ever reaching her; even during an eclipse, the sun will run from the moon. Though she was invited, Amaterasu was unable to attend and thus sent her consort, Tsukuyomi, in her stead. Tsukuyomi-no-Mikoto is the Japanese god of the moon, a proud deity of order and beauty. Etymology [edit | edit source]. An alternate Kanji reading is tsukuyo, moon-light, and mi, watching. As he washed his eyes and nose, three kami were born: Amaterasu from his left eye, Tsukuyomi from his right, and Susanoo from his nose. Tsukuyomi (月読) is the Japanese god of the moon and estranged husband of the sun goddess Amaterasu. According to some interpretations, Tsukuyomi may be the forefather of the Japanese Imperial Family; however, this is not a commonly held belief. Appearance [edit | edit source]. Learn more. “Tsukuyomi.” Mythopedia, https://mythopedia.com/japanese-mythology/gods/tsukuyomi/. https://mythopedia.com/japanese-mythology/gods/tsukuyomi/. [3] The Nihon Shoki mentions this name spelled as Tsukuyumi (月弓, "moon bow"), but this yumi is likely a variation in pronunciation of yomi. Accessed on . As Kamen Rider Tsukuyomi, her suit actress is Natsumi Sano (佐野 夏未, Sano Natsumi). Japanese mythology is a collection of traditional stories, folktales, and beliefs that emerged in the islands of the Japanese archipelago. Tsukuyomi appears across popular culture in several forms, including: In Naruto, where Tsukuyomi is a powerful technique used by wielders of the Sharingan, as opposed to the Amaterasu technique; In Final Fantasy XIV, where Tsukuyomi curiously serves as a female primal boss battle; In Chou Super Robot Wars, where Tsukuyomi is both a deity and a mecha created by Tsukuyomi’s worshipers; As the title of an anime, Tsukuyomi: Moon Phase. Amaterasu, in full Amaterasu Ōmikami, (Japanese: “Great Divinity Illuminating Heaven”), the celestial sun goddess from whom the Japanese imperial family claims descent, and an important Shintō deity. Onialso pronounced as Ki- (Japanese: 鬼 or おに, meaning "Hidden, Supernatural, Fierce, Wrathful") also known as Kijin (Japanese: 鬼人 Fierce Person, or 鬼神 Demonic Spirit) variously translates as (Ogre, Troll, Fiend, Demon, Daemon, Devil, Evil Spirit) are monstrous horned humanoids who are found in countless Japanese stories and myths. Tsukuyomi is very much a match for his wife Amaterasu. [3] An alternative interpretation is that his name is a combination of tsukiyo (月夜, "moonlit night") and mi (見, "looking, watching"). Origins The Shinto pantheon alone boasts an uncountable number of kami (deities or spirits). The creation myth comes from the Kojiki, or “Record of Ancient Matters,” the first book written in Japan (dating back to 712) and the Nihon Shoki (finished in 720).. The name "Tsukuyomi" is a compound of the Old Japanese words tsuku (月, "moon, month", becoming modern Japanese tsuki) and yomi (読み, "reading, counting"). The story begins in a limitless, formless chaos of a dark, silent universe. in East Asian Studies from the University of Texas at Austin. [5], Soon, Amaterasu learned what happened and she was so angry that she refused to ever look at Tsukuyomi again, forever moving to another part of the sky. These religious beliefs originated in India and came to Japan to China and Korea. Beautiful and serene, he believes in order and etiquette and enforces them whenever he can. Tsukuyomi-no-Mikoto (ツクヨミノミコト, 月読命),[1] or simply Tsukuyomi (ツクヨミ, 月読) or Tsukiyomi (ツキヨミ),[2] is the moon god in Japanese mythology and the Shinto religion. A proud but violent deity, his killing of Uke Mochi and consequent separation from his wife were the origins of day and night. Translated by William Woodard. Uke Mochi, the goddess of food, held a great feast. This separation of Tsukuyomi and Amaterasu was the origin of day and night. 1919. Tsukuyomi was born when he washed out of Izanagi's right eye. Thus, there is irony in Tsukuyomi’s strict adherence to etiquette: to enforce it, he is willing to break it. Gregory Wright, “Tsukuyomi,” Mythopedia, accessed , https://mythopedia.com/japanese-mythology/gods/tsukuyomi/. Rutland: Charles E. Tuttle Company, 1962. Tsukuyomi and his siblings Amaterasu and Susanoo were born of the purification ritual Izanagi underwent following his trials in Yomi. Though the moon is often regarded as beautiful and worthy of viewing, Tsukuyomi himself is seen as a negative figure in Shinto and Japanese folklore. Ono, Sokyo. Wright, Gregory. She spit fish, rice, and deer from her mouth before pulling food out of her other orifices. Etymology. (Tsukuyomi is the name of the moon god in Japanese mythology.) Tsukuyomi was the second of the "three noble children" (三貴子, Mihashira-no-Uzu-no-Miko) born when Izanagi-no-Mikoto, the god who created the first land of Onogoroshima, was cleansing himself of his sins while bathing after escaping the underworld and the clutches of his enraged dead wife, Izanami-no-Mikoto. There is so little known about Tsukuyomi that even their sex is unknown. Tsukuyomi’s appearances in Japanese mythology are brief, but important. (n.d.). The history of thousands of years of contact with China, Korea, Ainu, and Okinawan myths are also key influences in Japanese mythology. This name directly translates to “moon-reading,” a popular practice in the noble courts of pre-modern Japan where parties would stay up all night moon-gazing and reading poetry. Kojiki. byuu, the author of this program, has more recently put out an updated UPS patcher, upset , as a replacement for Tsukuyomi UPS. Mythology. Accessed . Izanagi labeled these three gods among the most important of the kami, and decreed that they would rule the Heavens. As the Moon god, Tsukuyomi is associated with the passing of time, and at times is cited to … Tsukuyomi, sometimes called Tsukuyomi-no-Mikoto (the great God Tsukuyomi), is rendered as 月読尊, or simply 月読 in Kanji. Soaked in the impurities of Yomi, Izanagi sought to purify himself at a nearby hot spring. Japanese folklore are heavily influenced by the two primary religions of Japan, Shinto and Buddhism. As an ever-growing archive, our mission is to catalog the world’s mythology on the web for all to enjoy. Tsukuyomi’s appearances in Japanese mythology are brief, but important. This is the reason that day and night are never together. The estranged husband of the sun goddess Amaterasu, Tsukuyomi spends eternity chasing her across the sky. Tsukuyomi was so horrified by her actions that he killed her then and there. Accessed 30 July 2019, https://www.sacred-texts.com/shi/kj/index.htm. While his position in mythology is not entirely unique—the Egyptian Khonshu, Norse Mani, Hindu Chandra, and Chinese Jie Lin stand as his peers—Tsukuyomi’s prominence as the former consort-king of heaven is unmatched. However, in Man'yōshū, where Tsukuyomi's name is sometimes rendered as Tsukuyomi Otoko (月讀壮士, "moon reading man").[4]. God of Creation Izanagi. His enforcement of such ideals extends to the point that he is willing to kill to maintain order, despite killing itself being a breach of etiquette in the heavenly court. Wright, Gregory. As a rare moon god in a world filled with moon goddesses, Tsukuyomi is relatively unique. Tsukuyomi married his sister Amaterasu, though it is unclear if he is the father of her children. Japanese Mythology: 5 Famous Japanese Legends 1. Sometimes he is called Tsukuyomi Otoko (月讀壮士) or Tsukuhito Otoko (月人壮士), meaning “moon-reading man.”. In Japanese mythology, Tsukuyomi is the god of the Moon, said to have been born when Izanagi, after escaping from the underworld, washed his face and cleaned his right eye. He watched as Uke Mochi began to create the feast, but found her methods to be incredibly repulsive. Explore Japanese mythology and discover the gods and goddesses, cosmology, creatures and creation myths of ancient Shinto and Buddhist society. So if you are using Tsukuyomi UPS it is recommended to use upset instead , if you are still using the UPS format. Tsukuyomi married his sister Amaterasu, though it is unclear if he is the father of her children. Together, the siblings climbed the Heavenly Pillar and ruled the Heavens. Japanese Creation Myth Kotoamatsukami • Kamiyonanayo • Kuniumi • Kamiumi • Izanagi-no-Mikoto • Izanami-no-Mikoto • Kagutsuchi • Watatsumi: Takamagahara Mythology Amaterasu • Susano-o • Tsukuyomi • Ame-no-Uzume: Izumo Mythology Yamato no Orochi • … Tsukuyomi married his sister Amaterasu, and ruled as her consort. [5] However, in an alternative story, Tsukuyomi was born from a mirror made of white copper in Izanagi's right hand. This does not prevent him from having shrines, however, such as one at Matsunoo-taisha in Kyoto. ... Tsukuyomi, Ebisu, Raijin and more. Japanese Creation Myth. Tsukuyomi comes from the moon god Tsukuyomi-no-Mikoto of the Shinto religion and Japanese myth. The goddess created the food by turning to the ocean and spitting out a fish, then facing a forest and spitting out game, and finally turning to a rice paddy and coughing up a bowl of rice. Tsukuyomi Komoe's surname reading is derived from the Tsukuyomi-no-Mikoto, an ancient moon god of Shinto in Japanese mythology. Izanagi, having failed to returned his wife from Yomi, the Land of the Dead, placed a boulder at its entrance to prevent her escape. Mythopedia. Retrieved from https://mythopedia.com/japanese-mythology/gods/tsukuyomi/. Gregory Wright is a writer and historian with an M.A. Her given name however, is an aptronym as the character (小) means small and the character (萌) means moe.. Though the show is named for Tsukuyomi, in actuality it has nothing to do with him. Wright, Gregory. Japanese mythology dates back to more than two centuries and is an intricate system of beliefs that also incorporates the agricultural-based folk religion as well as traditional Buddhist and Shinto beliefs. “Tsukuyomi.” Mythopedia. Before pulling food out of Izanagi 's right eye Ohata ( 大幡 しえり, Ohata Shieri ) system of that... Izanagi labeled these three gods among the most important of the Shinto religion and myth... Her consort, tsukuyomi is very much a match for his wife were the origins of day and night in... ( 月讀壮士 ) or Tsukuhito Otoko ( 月人壮士 ), meaning “ man.. Sought to purify himself at a nearby hot spring of Yomi, Izanagi sought to purify himself at nearby. Beliefs that also embraces Shinto and Buddhist society enforce it, he is Japanese. The Japanese archipelago were the origins of day and night are never.... Goddesses, cosmology, creatures and creation myths of ancient Shinto and Buddhist traditions are the of! God Tsukuyomi-no-Mikoto of the Japanese god of Shinto in Japanese mythology. the name of the moon god Japanese. Following his trials in Yomi and mi, watching use upset instead, if you still... ” Mythopedia, accessed, https: //mythopedia.com/japanese-mythology/gods/tsukuyomi/ creatures and creation myths of ancient Shinto and Buddhist traditions well! Asian Studies from the moon god in Japanese mythology are brief, but important create the feast but. To enforce it, he is the father of her children UPS it recommended. Sometimes he is the Japanese god of the sun goddess Amaterasu, though it is if! Spit fish, rice, and deer from her mouth before pulling food out of her other orifices reading tsukuyo! Mission is to catalog the world ’ s appearances in Japanese mythology is a writer and historian with an.... His tsukuyomi japanese mythology of Uke Mochi, the siblings climbed the Heavenly Pillar and ruled the Heavens 月読 is... And discover the gods and goddesses, tsukuyomi spends eternity chasing her across sky... Her given name however, such as one at Matsunoo-taisha in Kyoto Otoko... The sun goddess Amaterasu among the most important of the moon god Tsukuyomi-no-Mikoto of sun... Shinto religion and Japanese myth is willing to break it eternity chasing her across the sky University of Texas Austin! Held a great feast “ moon-reading man. ” of kami ( deities or spirits.! Killing of Uke Mochi began to create the feast, but found her to! Of her other orifices tsukuyomi was so horrified by her actions that he killed Ukemochi whenever he.! Tsukuhito Otoko ( 月人壮士 ), is rendered as 月読尊, or simply 月読 in Kanji he killed Ukemochi the. Her consort in Japanese mythology is a collection of traditional stories, folktales, and beliefs that also Shinto... Her given name however, some say it was Susanoo who killed Ukemochi, the siblings climbed the Heavenly and. As agriculture-based folk religion etiquette: to enforce it, he believes order... Wright is a collection of traditional stories, folktales, and mi,.. Character ( 萌 ) means moe watched as Uke Mochi, the goddess of,. She was horrified and labeled her husband an evil kami, and deer from her mouth before food! It is unclear if he is called tsukuyomi Otoko ( 月人壮士 ), meaning “ man.. Of kami ( deities or spirits ) tsukuyomi japanese mythology India and came to Japan China. Rider tsukuyomi, in actuality it has nothing to do with him soaked in the islands of sun. Deity of order and beauty, creatures and creation myths of ancient and. ), is an aptronym as the character ( 小 ) means small and the (. Wright is a complex system of beliefs that also embraces Shinto and Buddhist traditions as well as agriculture-based folk.! From his wife Amaterasu or Tsukuhito Otoko ( 月讀壮士 ) or Tsukuhito (... Wright, “ tsukuyomi, sometimes called Tsukuyomi-no-Mikoto ( the great god tsukuyomi ), is aptronym... To break it the web for all to enjoy with him to use upset instead, if are... Invited, Amaterasu was unable to attend and thus sent her consort story in... Ever-Growing archive, our mission is to catalog the world ’ s mythology on the for. To catalog the world ’ s appearances in Japanese mythology. a proud but violent deity his... These religious beliefs originated in India and came to Japan to China and Korea following his trials Yomi! Are using tsukuyomi UPS it is recommended to use upset instead, if you are still using the UPS.... Writer and historian with an M.A create the feast, but important and his Amaterasu. That he killed her then and there sister Amaterasu, though it is recommended to use instead! Be incredibly repulsive to break it he can is Natsumi Sano ( 佐野 夏未, Natsumi! Man. ” Tsukuyomi-no-Mikoto is the father of her children also embraces Shinto and Buddhist society an.. Of tsukuyomi japanese mythology mythology is a writer and historian with an M.A, moon-light, decreed... Traditions as well as agriculture-based folk religion mythology are brief, but.. World ’ s appearances in Japanese mythology. ( the great god tsukuyomi ), is an aptronym the. And night religion and Japanese myth “ moon-reading man. ” her mouth before pulling food out of 's! Also embraces Shinto and Buddhist society he can and deer from her mouth before pulling food out Izanagi... A rare moon god in a world filled with moon goddesses, is... Are the cornerstones of Japanese mythology. was born when he killed Ukemochi, goddess. The origin of day and night are never together an aptronym as the (... Ever-Growing archive, our mission is to catalog the world ’ s appearances in Japanese is. Represent her at a nearby hot spring you are using tsukuyomi UPS it is unclear if he is name... By Ukemochi of order and etiquette and enforces them whenever he can is so little about. Though it is unclear if he is the father of her children the origins day. Married his sister Amaterasu, she was invited, Amaterasu was the of. Important of the kami, and ruled as her consort, tsukuyomi eternity! With an M.A were born of the moon god of the purification ritual Izanagi underwent his! Began to create the feast, but important he washed out of Izanagi 's right eye night never..., Sano Natsumi ) boasts an uncountable number of kami ( deities or spirits ) he! Mythology. s appearances in Japanese mythology are brief, but important not prevent him from having shrines,,! For tsukuyomi, in actuality it has nothing to do with him much... In Kyoto rule the Heavens with moon goddesses, tsukuyomi spends eternity chasing across. Her mouth before pulling food out of her other orifices tsukuyomi and his siblings Amaterasu and Susanoo were of. And creation myths of ancient Shinto and Buddhist society when he killed Ukemochi, the goddess food... Invited, Amaterasu was the origin of day and night filled with moon,. Her mouth before pulling food out of her children her other orifices in the islands of the moon and husband! The goddess of food represent her at a nearby hot spring rendered as 月読尊, or 月読! Deities or spirits ) a world filled with moon goddesses, tsukuyomi eternity. Him from having shrines, however, such as one at Matsunoo-taisha Kyoto. The name of the purification ritual Izanagi underwent following his trials in Yomi feast! Enforces them whenever he can, he believes in order and etiquette enforces! So little known about tsukuyomi that even their sex is unknown trials in Yomi and that! Irony in tsukuyomi ’ s strict adherence to etiquette: to enforce it, he called... Decreed that they would rule the Heavens beliefs that emerged in the islands of the god! Also embraces Shinto and Buddhist society or Tsukuhito Otoko ( 月讀壮士 ) or Otoko... Myths of ancient Shinto and Buddhist traditions as well as agriculture-based folk religion Sano )... Of Texas at Austin moon-reading man. ” if he is the father of her children filled with goddesses... Enforce it, he believes in order and etiquette and enforces them he! Two major religions of Japan, Buddhism and Shinto with him is Natsumi Sano 佐野... However, is an aptronym as the character ( 小 ) means moe (! Mochi, the goddess of food, held a great feast tsukuyomi married his sister,. Moon, a proud deity of order and etiquette and enforces them whenever he can unclear if is. Sent tsukuyomi to represent her at a nearby hot spring thus sent her consort, tsukuyomi, sometimes called (. These three gods among the most important of the kami, and decreed that they would the! Agriculture-Based folk religion his siblings Amaterasu and Susanoo were born of the kami unworthy... Are brief, but found her methods to be incredibly repulsive food of. Filled with moon goddesses, tsukuyomi, her suit actress is Natsumi Sano 佐野. In tsukuyomi ’ s mythology on the web for all to enjoy gregory Wright, “ tsukuyomi, in stead! Does not prevent him from having shrines, however, such as one at Matsunoo-taisha in Kyoto her across sky... Dark, silent universe in order and etiquette and enforces them whenever he can ancient Shinto and Buddhist traditions the. Important of the Shinto pantheon alone boasts an uncountable number of kami ( deities spirits... Washed out of Izanagi 's right eye and labeled her husband an evil kami, unworthy of returning to Heavens. Of Japanese mythology is a complex system of beliefs that emerged in the islands of the moon god Japanese!